Tenants don’t always understand the extent or limitations of their rights in your property. Some may think they can to do whatever they want because they pay you rent. That is not the case. Tenants have several basic obligations that they must live up to on a daily basis. These are described plainly in Nevada law. According to NRS 118A.310, the tenant is to:
- Comply with the terms of the lease agreement.
The first one is nice and straightforward. A large number of landlord/tenant disputes can be solved simply by referring to the lease. Anything that your tenant agreed to and signed becomes a legal agreement, and they are held to whatever the lease says
- Keep that part of the premises which is occupied and used as clean and safe as the condition of the premises permit.
The tenant needs to do their part to keep the property that they are renting clean and safe for them and their neighbors. This includes inside and outside the property.
- Dispose of all ashes, garbage, rubbish and other waste from the dwelling unit in a clean and safe manner.
These things are not only for sanitation purposes, but also safety. Keeping the roads clear of garbage prevents traffic hazards, and disposing of ashes and cigarettes properly can avoid fire damage to the property.
- Keep all plumbing fixtures in the dwelling unit as clean as their condition permits.
A misconception that tenants can have is that any plumbing repair that needs to be made is the landlord’s fault. While fixing the problem is indeed the landlord’s responsibility, the tenant has the responsibility to maintain the plumbing system
- Use in a reasonable manner all electrical, plumbing, sanitary, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and other facilities and appliances, including elevators, in the premises.
Similar to the previous article, but more for general utilities. Utilities break down and need repairs, but sometimes they break down because they are mistreated or overused. If something in the property needs a repair because of obvious tenant misuse, the landlord can attempt to recover the costs of the repair from the tenant.
- Not deliberately or negligently render the premises uninhabitable or destroy, deface, damage, impair or remove any part of the premises or knowingly permit any person to do so.
Over time, a property will succumb to normal wear and tear. However, a tenant needs to leave the property in as similar of a condition as possible. Whether on purpose or by accident, the tenant is responsible for any damage to the property while they live there.
- Conduct himself or herself and require other persons on the premises with his or her consent to conduct themselves in a manner that will not disturb a neighbor’s peaceful enjoyment of the premises.
This comes down to the courtesy that every tenant is required to give to their neighbors. Every person has the right to the quiet enjoyment of their home. If your tenant is found in violation of the quiet enjoyment of another person, it could become a problem that the landlord needs to deal with.
In conclusion, tenants have many rights, but they also several important responsibilities. If a tenant violates these obligations, they may end up losing some of those rights.